Can OzRunways be used as a primary navigation instrument ?
Updated APR 2016
No. Whilst OzRunways is a legal source of all your required charts, maps and documents, it cannot be used as a source of navigation information much like a TSO'd GPS would be. Having said that, it's still helpful (see below).
This subject sometimes sparks passionate debate in Australia, with some in the industry advocating traditional paper based navigation, whilst lots of other people see the benefits an app like OzRunways has to offer. An EFB, like any tool available in aviation, can really help make flying easier and more enjoyable, but the EFB is not a panacea - it has its limitations and use as a source of navigational instrument is one of them.
The little aircraft icon on maps & charts is derived from the iPad GPS which is non TSO'd. Think of it as the equivalent of a VFR GPS.
AIP GEN 1.5 says the following about non-TSO'd GPS's:
8.5.4 VFR Operations 220.127.116.11 GNSS may be used under the VFR in the following applications: (a) Visual Navigation. Pilots operating under the VFR may use GNSS to supplement map reading and other visual navigation techniques.
Talk to your flying instructor or chief pilot about how to interpret "supplement map reading". We strongly encourage pilots to maintain good traditional map reading skills, and use the OzRunways GPS position to assist you in this regard. But it must be remembered OzRunways position information is not a replacement for the requirement to fix visually or by use of an approved navigation system (e.g. GNSS, VOR, DME etc.)
Night VFR and IFR requires GNSS receivers to be certified in accordance with TSO-C129, C145 or C146. The iPad does not meet these standards.
You can most certainly use OzRunways as a legal source of maps/charts under CASR Part 275.295. See here for information about OzRunways being a legal source of maps/charts in Australia.
Airservices Australia has an excellent short document that has some more advice here:
- Downloading maps/charts from nearby devices (mesh networking)
- How do I make it track-up?
- Export plan sheet to pdf, export map print page to pdf etc for iOS
- Will my iPad’s GPS work without a sim-card or a signal ?
- Can iPhone tethering (hotspot) give the iPad a GPS position? No and here is why.
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