OzRunways v6.2 Planner
A new version (v6.2) of OzRunways is available from the Apple App Store!
To update go to the App Store → Select Updates → OzRunways.
The main change is a new Planner, which we will explain below.
Planner User Guide:
The planner in OzRunways has been designed to give the operator a simple, yet powerful planning experience.
This document covers the significant changes to the planner in v6.0 of Oz RWY and explains how the plan sheet functions in detail to enable pilots to audit the results the planner provides.
2) Creating a plan
A plan can be created using quick plan, tapping on the map, or one of the hybrid methods.
Quick plan is accessed through the plan button on the map screen. In the quick plan section text field, type in the waypoints you desire and hit enter. If you wish to see the options for stored or custom IFR air routes, ensure you have the ‘Suggest IFR Routes’ option enabled.
a) Plan Popup
After entering a plan, the plan popup is used to access certain functions such as changing the plan details, changing aircraft profile, lodging a flight notification and more. Importantly though, the black header of the plan popup contains a few pieces of information which are useful when planning; Distance, time in minutes, estimated actual fuel burn and the planned air route summary.
The distance shown is the cumulative distance of the planned route, in nautical miles.
The time of the route is shown in minutes. This number represents the expected time enroute.
The estimated actual fuel burn for the planned flight is shown, in the units appropriate to the selected aircraft profile. Both this number and the time enroute are displayed to give the pilot a snap shot of the expected cost of the planned flight, in terms of fuel and time.
WARNING: ONLY USE THE PLAN SHEET AND FUEL TAB FOR FUEL PLANNING. THE PLAN POPUP FUEL FIGURE DOES NOT REPRESENT A PLANNING NUMBER OR MINIMUM DEPARTURE FUEL. THIS FIGURE IS AN EXPECTED BURN FIGURE AND DOES NOT INCLUDE FIXED RESERVE. IF THIS FIGURE IS USED A DEPARTURE FUEL, THE PILOT CAN EXPECT TO ARRIVE AT THE DESTINATION WITH ZERO FUEL REMAINING, ASSUMING ALL OTHER PLANNING NUMBERS ARE CORRECT.
The route summary shown is reflective of what has been planned and is intended to facilitate quick entry in to aircraft navigations systems (such as an FMS or advanced GPS Navigator). Where an air route was entered in to the quick plan system, this route will be displayed. If individual waypoints are entered in to a plan, they will be shown as individual points even though they might be on an air route.
The plan is activated by pressing the yellow ‘Go Fly’ in the top right hand corner of the plan popup, or the same named button in the top right of the HUD bar.
b) Plan Popup – Navigation Controller
When in an active plan, the waypoint tiles act as a navigation controller. Pressing on a tile will activate that leg. Previous legs may be activated as necessary, however the ‘origin’ cannot be navigated to in the plan once the departure has occurred.
c) Accessing the plan Sheet
The plan sheet can be accessed one of two ways, either from the plan popup (top left corner ‘Plan Sheet’ button) or the plan sheet icon in the top left of the screen on the map tab (notepad icon).
3) Plan Sheet Tabs
The plan sheet will open on the Plan Tab. There are two other tabs available within the plan sheet, the fuel tab and the Weight and Balance (W&B) tab. Tapping on any of the tiles switches to that tab.
a) The Plan Tab
The following sections are numbered according to the order in which the columns appear on the plan sheet, from left to right, as per the diagram below.
The waypoints, listed in the left hand column in blue capitalised text, are as per the plan. You can edit these legs by tapping the ‘edit’ button in the top bar, which will reveal ‘+’ and ‘-’symbols. Tapping ‘-’will delete a waypoint. Tapping ‘+’ will show the waypoint search popup, allowing you to enter a new waypoint. When finished editing press ‘Done’.
(1) Special Functions – Refuels and Alternates
Tapping on a waypoint will designate that waypoint as a landing and optional refuel point.
The following popup will result:
When the toggle is to the left and grey in colour as above, this indicates you are not refuelling. When the toggle is to the right and green in colour as below, this indicates a refuelling stop and fuel will be set to full. You can over type this to a lower value in the Fuel Log column.
Here you also add your stopover time in minutes.
Note: If you are not refuelling you should adjust the fuel in the Fuel Log column after every landing.
In version 6.1 onwards all landing points will be indicated on the Planner by this landing label underneath the waypoint name:
The final waypoint in your plan will be assumed to be a landing point and will automatically display the landing label.
Tapping on the last leg of a plan turns that waypoint into an alternate. The alternate label will appear underneath the waypoint name, and the landing label will move to the destination above. The app will treat the alternate calculations as a new climb/cruise segment, starting at aerodrome elevation of the previous leg. The alternate will be added to the NAIPS FN ‘Alternate’ fields. The alternate fuel will be shown in the fuel tab. Alternate fuel comprises of a climb from the previous waypoint altitude to the specified cruise altitude, cruise from TOC to overhead the destination plus variable for the route total.
ii) LSALT (Lowest Safe Altitude)
Where a LSALT is available for a segment in the Airservices Australia dataset used by OzRunways, it will be automatically shown in the LSALT column. If there is no LSALT present, the user can enter the desired LSALT. The displayed LSALT can be overtyped by the user at any time.
Note: Automatic lowest safes generated using the SRTM data and Vertical Obstruction data are prohibited by AIP (GEN 3.1-7, para 6.1).
CASA affirmed in August of 2017 that the VOD and SRTM data is not considered by Geoscience Australia to be reliable for use in automatic LSALT calculations, therefore OzRunways does not perform automatic LSALT calculation beyond displaying Airservices LSALT information.
Altitude is entered in the FL format. For example, 5500 ft is entered as A055. Tapping on the bottom right ‘fill down’ tile in the number pad allows the altitude to be set for all legs. A descent point is displayed for the last leg on the map, using the descent rate/TAS provided in the aircraft profile.
iv) TAS (True Airspeed)
Cruise TAS is displayed as per the aircraft profile. This is for display purposes and does not include climb TAS, however climb TAS is used in the time/fuel calculations.
v) TRK (Track)
Track is displayed as per the magnetic track for the appropriate leg.
Winds are entered & displayed in degrees True. OzRunways converts to degrees Magnetic for all calculations. Wind can be set for legs individually, or all legs using either the ‘fill down’ button from a leg entry or the WIND/TEMP winds. To access the wind temps, press the windsock button (top bar).
(1) Wind/Temp Functionality and Optimizer
When in the plan sheet, pressing the windsock will fill the legs of the plan with appropriate BOM WIND/TEMP data. Once the WIND/TEMP data has been filled, the ‘Wind’ cell will turn green. This indicates that WIND/TEMP information for all levels is held in memory for use in the Optimizer or when the planned levels are changed on the plan sheet. When the plan is exited, the WIND/TEMP information is discarded. When re-entering the plan sheet, if the WIND/TEMP data is required across all levels for the plan, the windsock button must again be pressed (after the weather has completed loading).
The Optimizer is accessed using the ‘slider’ button in the top row of the plan sheet page. It calculates the appropriate fuel and time across different flight levels for the planned route and presents the results to the user. Entering the optimizer with the WIND/TEMP data loaded (Green ‘wind’ tile) will produce results reflecting the winds at all appropriate levels. If the WIND/TEMP data is not active (grey ‘Wind’ tile) the optimizer will present results based on the current wind entered in to the plan sheet for all levels on a leg.
Upon entering the optimizer, the app will automatically select the optimum altitudes for each leg based on the available results. Although the optimizer can calculate the results on any leg based on the wind profile, the pilot needs to analyse the information to ensure the results meet their needs; the app does not know whether an altitude change between legs is sensible or not. Tapping on an altitude for a leg in the optimizer will cause the subsequent optimizer values to recalculate based on your selection. Once selections are complete, tap the route name in the top left corner to return to the plan sheet.
HDG required to make good planned track. Shown in degrees magnetic.
The groundspeed which has been calculated for a leg, including wind. For a leg which involves a climb, the GS shown is the average GS for that leg. Groundspeed is calculated at cruise altitude till destination.
ix) DIST (Distance)
Distance of the leg, in nm.
x) ETI (Estimated Time Interval)
Estimated Time Interval of the leg (i.e. the length of time the leg will take to fly). Display is in minutes.
Where Airwork is desired at a waypoint, the waypoint ETI button (Blue background) can be pressed to add a delay in minutes. The entry can reflect either Airwork (AWK) or Hover (HVR), however the AWK/Hover toggle will only appear when the Hover Burn is present in the aircraft profile being used. Once a number of minutes is entered, press the AWK/HVR toggle to switch between the type of entry. The delays entered will use the appropriate fuel burns form the aircraft profile (AWK/Holding Burn and Hover burn respectively) however the DLA entered in to the Flight Notification will be the cumulative amount of both delays. This ensures that for rotary wing operations, where fuel burn in the hold can vary markedly from the hover, that the calculation is accurate. No variable is calculated for AWK/HVR fuels. Once a AWK and/or HVR delay is entered, it will be shown as orange number(s) underneath the ETI. The delays will be added to the EET and EST columns as well.
NOTE: For fixed wing aircraft, the hover fuel burn entry in the planner can be re-purposed where a different burn rate is required during airwork.
xi) EET (Estimated Elapsed Time)
The elapsed time of the plan to that waypoint in minutes. This field will be reset for waypoints after landing points (i.e. it restarts at zero for a landing/refuel leg).
xii) EST (Estimated Arrival Time)
Tapping on the blue word ‘EST’ brings up the departure time button. The departure time can be set prior to submitting a Flight Notification, which sets the departure time for the plan. After departure, pressing this button brings up the dialogue which can be used to set the departure time. In Settings>Preferences, there is an option to set the departure time to be triggered by pressing the ‘Go Fly’ button on a plan. If you use this setting it is useful to make pressing the ‘Go Fly’ button part of your line-up checklist.
Where a waypoint is listed as a landing/refuel waypoint, 30 minutes will be added to the EST at the point, with the resulting time serving as the subsequent Estimated Departure time. For example, if the EST for an intermediate landing point is time 0135, the planner will automatically set the departure time as 0205 for the next leg. If the ETI for the next leg is 20, the EST for that next waypoint will be 0225 (0135 + 30min delay on the ground + 20 minute ETI to next waypoint).
xiii) FR (Fuel Remaining)
The Fuel Remaining Column displays the calculated fuel remaining based on the fuel burnt on a leg. The first leg will show a FR reflecting the subtraction of Taxi fuel. The fuel burn on a leg includes climb and cruise fuel (‘flight fuel’) plus the variable which has been set in the aircraft profile; any AWK and/or HVR fuel burn for that leg.
For example, on a leg which is the first leg of a plan: Start fuel 217L. Taxi fuel is 5L. Climb fuel is 10L. Cruise fuel of 15L. AWK of 30 minutes at 20L/hr. Variable 10%.
Start Fuel – Taxi – Flight Fuel plus variable – AWK – HVR = Fuel Remaining, i.e.
217 – 5 – [(10+15)*1.10] – [0.5*20] ; 217 – 5 – 27.5 – 10 = 174.5
FR = 174.5 however only 174 will be displayed. The decimal value is still carried by the cell and applied to subsequent legs. This means even though the decimal is not visible, it is still being used for subsequent leg calculations.
Updating the wind during a flight will update the plan from that leg onward, including FR.
For the Alternate leg, the Fuel Remaining reflects a climb and cruise from the planned destination to the nominated cruise height. This leg is calculated using the normal cruise methodology, just as a first leg of a plan would.
See the fuel tab section for more detail on the fuel plan as well as how to add allowance for holding and approach fuels.
xiv) Fuel Log
The first field of the fuel log is the start fuel field (blue background). This is the ramp fuel. The ramp fuel is used in the calculation of the W&B, therefore it is important to ensure it is correct for the planning and the W&B, if it is used. Tap on this field to edit.
The subsequent fuel log fields can be tapped on to enter fuel remaining at those waypoints for logging purposes. Note that if the plan is edited, the entries may be lost. Entries are stored even after a plan is exited, and must be cleared manually if you wish to use a plan again.
The landing point does not have an editable fuel log field.
xv) REV (Revised EST)
Where desired, the pilot may enter a revised estimated time of arrival in to this column. Note that if the plan is edited, the entries may be lost. Entries are stored even after a plan is exited, and must be cleared manually if you wish to use a plan again.
xvi) ATA (Actual Time of Arrival)
This column is used to log the time of arrival at a waypoint. The log will occur automatically where the waypoint cycles automatically when it is overflown. This value can be overtyped if desired, or a value manually entered if desired by the pilot. Note that if the plan is edited, the entries may be lost. Entries are stored even after a plan is exited, and must be cleared manually if you wish to use a plan again.
xvii) Leg Notes
This section may be used to add notes to a leg as required.
This section may be used to take notes as required.
xix) Plan Details
Tapping on the top three fields, Aircraft, Pilot and Phone, allows the details to be edited.
b) Fuel Tab
Shows the origin and destination.
As per the aircraft profile
Calculated as per the aircraft profile, for the cumulative climbs across the plan.
Calculated as per the burn rates specified in the aircraft profile.
Calculated as per the percentage specified in the aircraft profile, applied to the climb and cruise totals.
As per the Hover times set in the plan, at the rate specified in the aircraft profile.
As per the AWK times set in the plan, at the rate specified in the aircraft profile.
User set, in minutes. Calculates at the AWK/Holding burn specified in the aircraft profile. For example, INTER/TEMPO holding.
User set by burn amount. Time is automatically calculated according to AWK/Holding burn rate in aircraft profile.
x) Fixed Reserve
As per the burn and time specified in the aircraft profile.
Reflects the climb and cruise from the planned destination to the alternate at the altitude nominated in the plan, plus variable.
xii) Fuel Required
Cumulative totals of all fields
Fuel Remaining from start fuel, minus fuel required, calculated using the a AWK/Holding burn specified in the aircraft profile.
Cumulative totals of Fuel Required and Fuel Margin. This time is used in the Flight Notification.
c) Clearing Planner
To clear all log entries and notes in the Planner: select the Share button in the top left corner, then in the resulting popup select Clear Log & Notes.
d) W&B tab
WARNING: THE OZRUNWAYS W&B IS SIMPLY A CALCULATOR THAT RELIES ON ACCURATE INPUT OF DATA – IT HAS NO WAY OF KNOWING IF THE DATA YOU ENTER IS CORRECT OR NOT, COMPARED TO YOUR AIRCRAFT. THE SYSTEM IS NOT CAPABLE OF WARNING YOU IF INACCURATE DATA IS ENTERED IN TO THE APP. YOU MUST BE PROFICIENT AT W&B TO USE THIS SYSTEM SAFELY, AND YOU MUST ENSURE THE DATA YOU ENTER IS CORRECT.
The weight and balance tab uses the active W&B profile (set up in aircraft profile). Users MUST ensure they are using a correct profile before relying on W&B sheet.
Individual station weights can be specified by tapping on them. Fuel displays based on the plan sheet start fuel, planned landing fuel (As per last FR on plan sheet), and critically Empty Fuel CG.
Ramp weight, TOW, Landing Weight are shown at the bottom of the graph. Total Moment for the ramp weight is also displayed.
The arrows in the top bar scroll between the segments of the plan, where an intermediate landing point is used. Where an alternate is specified, the W&B profile shows the alternate as the landing point.
If you have any questions get in touch with our support team at support@OzRunways.com.
The OzRunways Team